How Does Your Child Speak and Hear?

In general, the child does not master the totality of the skills included in the list until he has reached the maximum age of the given scale.

Child Speak and Hear

In general, the child does not master the totality of the skills included in the list until he has reached the maximum age of the given scale. Simply because the child has not mastered a given skill on the scale of his age does not mean that he suffers any disorder. However, if you have answered "no" to most of the skills on a given age scale, ask for the help of an audiologist or speech and language pathologist.
Listening and understanding
Birth-3 months
  • It is startled with loud noises.
  • He keeps quiet or smiles when they talk to him.
  • He seems to recognize his voice. He is silent if he is crying when he recognizes his voice.
  • Sucks with greater or lesser strength in response to sound.
  • It makes sounds of pleasure like chirps and cooing.
  • He cries differently depending on his different needs.
  • Smile when you see him.
4-6 months
  • Move your eyes in the direction of the sounds.
  • Respond to changes in the tone of voice.
  • Pay attention to toys that make sounds.
  • Pay attention to the music.
  • The babbling of the child is more like speech and contains many different sounds, including p, b, m.
  • Express joy or anger with the voice.
  • It emits sounds and chirps when it is alone and when it plays with you.
7 months-1 year
  • Enjoy simple children's games that contain rhymes and songs accompanied by manual and facial gestures.
  • He turns and looks in the direction of the sounds.
  • Pay attention when you talk to him.
  • Recognize the names of common objects such as "cup," "shoe," and "juice."
  • Start answering questions and commands such as "come here" and "do you want more?"
  • The babbling of the child contains groups of short and long sounds, such as "tata bibibibi."
  • Use speech and sounds to attract and maintain attention, without having to cry.
  • It imitates different sounds of speech.
  • Use one or two words ("mom," "dad," "no," "water") even if they do not sound very clear.
1-2 years
  • Point to different parts of the body when asked.
  • Follow simple instructions and understand simple questions ("throw the ball," "give the baby a kiss" and "where's your mom?").
  • Pay attention to songs, rhymes and simple stories.
  • When you name the figures in the illustrations of a book, you know how to point them out.
  • Use more words over the course of each month.
  • Use questions that contain one or two words such as "more?", "What's that?", And "was daddy?"
  • Use two words together as "more bread," "my bear" and "look cow."
  • Use many different consonants at the beginning of the words.
2-3 years
  • Understands differences in the meaning of words ("open / close," "up / down," "big / little").
  • Obey compound instructions ("Find the book and put it on the table").
  • It has a name for almost all things.
  • Use two or three word sentences to talk about things or to ask for them.
  • People close to the child understand what he says most of the time.
  • He often asks for objects or directs attention to them by calling them by name.
3-4 years
  • Hey when they call from another room.
  • Listen to radio and television at the same volume as the rest of the family.
  • Understand simple questions that begin with the words "who?", "What?", "Where?", "Why?".
  • Talk about what he does at school or at his friends' house.
  • Even people not close to the child understand what he says most of the time.
  • Use numerous sentences of four words or more.
  • He usually speaks easily without having to repeat syllables or words.
4-5 years
  • Pay attention to short stories and answer simple questions about them.
  • Listen and understand most of what is spoken at home and at school.
  • The child's voice sounds as clear as that of the other children.
  • Use very detailed sentences, such as "I have two red balls in the house."
  • Narrates stories about the subject.
  • Communicate easily with other children and adults.
  • Use many sounds correctly, except for a few such as g, f, s, r, l, ch.
  • Use the same grammar as the rest of the family.

Where to get help

If you think the child may have a speech, language or hearing problem, you can consult one of the following certified professionals:


Audiologists are professionals who specialize in the prevention, detection, and evaluation of hearing disorders, and who offer treatment, rehabilitation services, and help services.

Speech and language pathologist

Speech and language pathologists help people develop their communication skills and deal with disorders of speech, language, voice and swallowing. Its services include prevention, detection, evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation.

Audiologists and speech and language pathologists provide professional services in numerous types of entities, such as:
  • Public and private schools
  • Colleges and universities
  • Private offices


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How Does Your Child Speak and Hear?
In general, the child does not master the totality of the skills included in the list until he has reached the maximum age of the given scale.
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