Everyday Science - Animals, Plants and Insects

Read Everyday Science - Facts about Animals, Plants and Insects for PPSC, SPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, NTS, PTS, OTS and other quiz competitions.

Everyday Science - The candidates are expected to have basic knowledge of Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. Scientific terms, Inventions, Discoveries, Human body, celestial bodies and environmental issues/problems. In general the candidates could be tested on knowledge of everyday observation and experience of things and phenomenon in the context of their scientific explanations.
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    • Everyday Science - Animals, Plants and Insects

      • Read the Facts about Animals, Plants and Insects and enhance your Everyday Science Knowledge.
  1. Earth worm is bi-sexual
  2. Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge.
  3. Live Fluke, biologically called Fasciola, is found in liver of sheep.
  4. Eyes of insects are compound.
  5. Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called Xerophytes.
  6. Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic.
  7. Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil.
  8. New varieties of organisms can be brought about by hybridization.
  9. Seeds are developed from Ovule.
  10. Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits.
  11. Grains swell in water due to imbibitions.
  12. Chlorophyll contains magnesium.
  13. Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata) marine animal.
  14. Plants store their food in the form of starch.
  15. Unlike most other fish, sharks have no:
  16. It is now believed that dinosaurs became extinct because of:
  17. The platypus and the echidna are the only mammals that Lay eggs
  18. Lady bird is an insect
  19. Rust of wheat is a disease caused by Fungi
  20. Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm
  21. Python Plankton are poisonous plants
  22. Insects have lived on earth about 4,000,000 years
  23. Slowest creature on earth is Conch-Shell (shellfish snail)
  24. Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata) marine animal.
  25. Koala bear is the only animal who doesn’t drink water
  26. A rat can last longer without water than a camel
  27. Loudest animal is Blue whales
  28. Peacock is found in 3 colors
  29. Cockroach is considered ancient insect of world
  30. Daffodils flower resembles a human eye
  31. Giant squid is the largest invertiberate
  32. Angora wool is got from a special variety of rabbit
  33. Sailfish is the largest fisht
  34. Distance covered by tortoiose is 4.6 meter in a minute
  35. Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups
  36. Eucalyptus is now considered as environmental hazard
  37. Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.
  38. Wood is used in manufacturing paper
  39. In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden.
  40. Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
  41. Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of nomenclature.
  42. Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered flowers and covered seed.
  43. Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm.
  44. The king cobra is the only snake who build nest.
  45. The black Mamba is the fastest snake.
  46. Snake have been evolved from lizard.
  47. Fertilization is fusion of two game tics of different strains.
  48. Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit.
  49. Seeds are developed from Ovule.
  50. Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits.
  51. Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus.
  52. Grains swell in water due to imbibitions.
  53. Chlorophyll contains magnesium.
  54. The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of Stomata.
  55. Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance.
  56. Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water.
  57. Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis.
  58. Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy.
  59. Chemical presentation of dead organism in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.
  60. The organisms which are the only living membrane of their group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil
  61. Red color of tomatos is imparted by Darotionoid
  62. Amphibians were the first vertrbrata
  63. There are three stages of frog = egg, tadpole, and adult frog
  64. There are three groups of amhibians = salamanders(slow moving animals), frogs and toads, caecilians(who look more worm than amphibians)
  65. Lonrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was the first to study animal behaviour
  66. Animals survive very cold weather or very dry weather by going into a deep sleep it is called hibernation and sleeping trough hot day condition is called aestivation
  67. Blue signed octopus very lethal and can kill 10 people it feeds on crabs
  68. Cheetah is the fastest land animal. It can accelerate from 0-90 km/h in 3 seconds and can run at 100 km/h but has to rest after 20 seconds
  69. Sponge, beetle, snail, Jelly fish, insects and starfish are cold-blooded animals
  70. Shark is a cold blooded animal
  71. Newts (wall lizard) and frog are cold blooded animals
  72. Lizards, crocodiles, snakes, turtles and tortoises are cold blooded animals
  73. Invertegrates have 33 groups, fish have 2 goups, amphibians have 3 groups, reptiles havd 3 groups, birds have 28-30 groups and mammals have 21 groups
  74. Over 90% of animals are invertebrates
  75. Hard shell of animals is called exoskeleton
  76. 105 million different species of animals have been identified
  77. Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called Xerophytes.
  78. Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic.
  79. Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil.
  80. Hominoids are Humans + chimpanzees + orungutans + Gorillas
  81. Felidae means from cat family
  82. Panthera means big cats
  83. There are 5 kingdoms in animal kingdom
  84. Birds are warm blooded
  85. Birds’ bones are hollow
  86. Oven birds build strong nests
  87. Weaver birds are those who build their nests
  88. Male birds are more colorful than female birds
  89. Birds that cannot fly are penguins, emus, kiwis and ostriches
  90. In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden.
  91. Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
  92. Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of nomenclature.
  93. Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered flowers and covered seed.
  94. Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm.
  95. Smell is the weakest sense in Birds.
  96. Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides.
  97. Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food.
  98. The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds’ nest to hatch.
  99. Earthworm is a bi-sexual.
  100. Eyes of insects are compound.
  101. Dolphins have 700 times more rods in their eyes than humans which help them to see in dim light under water.
  102. A fly’s compound eye has 400 individual tubes.
  103. Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms.
  104. Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.
  105. Squids are the fastest swimming invertebrates or animals without backbone.
  106. 99% of all animals are invertebrates.
  107. The sailfish can swim at 110 km/hour. It the fastest fish.
  108. Fishes have a bag of gas called a swim bladder inside their bodies that helps them float and sink.
  109. Fishes like sharks and rays have skeletons make of tough cartilage and they don’t have a swim bladder.
  110. Fungi are neither plants nor animals they are classified in their own separate kingdom.
  111. The cell wall of fungi is made of chitin, the material from which insects make their hard outer skeletons.
  112. Unlike other green plants fungi cannot use the sun’s energy to make food; instead they absorb their food from other living or dead remains of living things.
  113. Fungi break down dead and decaying materials so that they can be recycled.
  114. Fungal infections destroy crops and cause diseases like athlete’s foot and ringworm.
  115. Plants make carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water and we get carbohydrates from plants
  116. Silk is one of two main fibres we get from animals. The wool from sheep is the other.
  117. Cotton is the most important plant fibre. It produces fibres in the seed pod or boll.
  118. Linen is another plant fiber make from flax plant.
  119. Dinosaurs lived in Mesozoic era.
  120. Eagle’s eyes have five times more light sensitive cells than ours.
  121. Eucalyptus trees grow faster than any other trees.
  122. Three groups of Amphibians
  123. o Salamanders – slow moving animals. Frog and toads.
  124. o Caecilians - look more worms than amphibians.
  125. Blue signed octopus is very lethal, can kill 10 people, it feeds on crabs.
  126. Cheetah is the fastest land animal, can accelerate from 0-90 km/h in just three seconds and can run at 100 km/h. But he has to rest after about 20 seconds.
  127. Sponge, beetle, snails, jelly fish, insects and starfish are cold blooded animals.
  128. Shark is a cold blooded animal.
  129. Newts, and frog are cold blooded animals.
  130. Lizard, crocodiles, snakes, turtiles and tortoises are cold blooded animals.
  131. Invertebrates have 33 groups.
  132. Fish 3
  133. Amphibians 3
  134. Reptile 3
  135. Birds 28-30
  136. Mammals 21
  137. Over 90% of animals are invertebrates.
  138. Hard Shell of animals is called -> Exoskeleton.
  139. 105 million different species of animals have been identified.
  140. Hominoids – Human + Champanzees + Orangutans + Gorillas.
  141. Word dinosaur means “terrible” Lizard.
  142. Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge.
  143. Live Fluke, biologically called Fasciola, is found in liver of sheep.
  144. Earthworm is a bi-sexual.
  145. Eyes of insects are compound.
  146. Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm.
  147. The brown colour of rust is because of : oxidation
  148. Granite is a form of – rock :
  149. Cellulose -- is the main chemical substance in the plant cell wall :
  150. The desert mammal which does not drink water :Knagaroo Rat
  151. The loudest sound produced by any animal is 188 decibels. The animal is the African Elephant
  152. The primary plant body consists of 3 tissue systems.
  153. The total weight of a cell in a leaf or a petal,water constitutes about 90%.
  154. A tissue is a group of cells having similar structure and function.
  155. The three elements needed for healthy growth of plants are: N, P, K
  156. What colour is Octopus blood: Blue
  157. What is the only bird that can smell: Emus
  158. The eyes of which animal have rectangular pupils-Goat
  159. What animals eye is larger than its brain-Ostrich
  160. What fish can blink its eyes -Shark
  161. Where are a crickets ears located- Front legs
  162. Which animal sleeps with one eye open-Dolphin
  163. Vole is a kind of mouse
  164. Kestrel is a kind of eagle
  165. Killer whale is Orca
  166. Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes.
  167. Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge.
  168. Live Fluke, biologically called Fasciola, is found in liver of sheep.
  169. Banana plant is shrub
  170. Rubber is obtained from latex
  171. Tobacco contains Nicotine
  172. Kharif crops are sown in Summer season
  173. Pesticides kill insects that attck crops
  174. Herbicides kill weeds
  175. Seedless Fruits are formed by pathanogenesis.
  176. Cotton fiber is routed from seed.
  177. Horticulture is the cultivation of fruit crops.
  178. Late blight is a disease of potato and tomato plants.
  179. The fertility of soil can be increased by growing legumes.
  180. Olive trees and Cork-oak grow in the regions having the Mediterranean type of climate.
  181. Coniferous forests are found in a region having low mean temperature and a long cold winter.
  182. In the Northern Hemisphere, the geographical belt of coniferous forest south of Tundra is called Steppe.
  183. Silverfish is a wingless insect.
  184. Guinea pig is a stocky tailless rodent used in experimental work.
  185. What kind of animal is a lurcher: Dog
  186. With which organ does a snake hear: Tongue
  187. What fish can hold objects in its tail: Sea Horse
  188. The leach has 32 what - humans only got one-Brains
  189. The primary producers of organic matter in nature are Green plants.
  190. The edible portion of mango is Mesocarp.
  191. The rice grain is a seed.
  192. Bamboo is Grass.
  193. Cork cells are impervious to water because of the presence of Suberin.
  194. The biotic relationship between insects and plants with reference to pollination is called Mutualism.
  195. Historically, Joseph Priestley, recognized in 1727 A.D. that sunlight and air are important for the growth of plants.
  196. Carbon dioxide is required during photosynthesis process in addition to sunlight and water.
  197. Man is Homoeothermic.
  198. The compound eye of insect produces Mosaic vision.
  199. The post embryonic stages in the life history of cockroach are known as Nymphs.
  200. Amphibians were the first vertebrate.
  201. There are three stages of frog. Egg-tadpole-adult frog.
  202. Smell is the weakest sense in Birds.
  203. Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides.
  204. Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food.
  205. The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds’ nest to hatch.
  206. Birds are warm blooded animals.
  207. Birds bones are hollow.
  208. Oven birds build strong nests.
  209. Weaver birds are called to the birds who build their nests.
  210. Male birds are more colorful than females.
  211. Birds do not fly are penguins, emus, kiwis, ostriches.
  212. Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
  213. Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered seed.
  214. Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm.
  215. Snake have been evolved from lizard.
  216. Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms.
  217. Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
  218. In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden.
  219. The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of Stomata.
  220. Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance.
  221. Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water.
  222. Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis.
  223. Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy.
  224. The organisms which are the only living membrane of their group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil.
  225. Mammals cannot be cold blooded.
  226. Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness.
  227. Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in water.
  228. Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants.
  229. Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes.
  230. Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit.
  231. Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.
  232. Edible part of tomato is whole fruit.
  233. The primary producers of organic matter in nature are Green plants.
  234. Historically, Joseph Priertley , recognized in 1727 A.D. that sunlight and air are important for the growth of plants.
  235. Carbon dioxide is required during photosynthesis process in addition to sunlight and water.
  236. The compound eye of insect produces Mosaic vision.
  237. The post embryonic stages in the life history of cockroach are known as Nymphs.
  238. In the animal kingdom what creatures are in the order—Chiroptera- Bats
  239. 90% of bird species are what Monogamous
  240. Kangaroos and Emus can't do what-Walk backwards
  241. Aleuronic layer: is that part of the grain in cereals where much of the protein lies.

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Enter To Study: Everyday Science - Animals, Plants and Insects
Everyday Science - Animals, Plants and Insects
Read Everyday Science - Facts about Animals, Plants and Insects for PPSC, SPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, NTS, PTS, OTS and other quiz competitions.
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